Frederick Walter Stephen West (29 September 1941 – 1 January 1995), was a British serial killer.
Between 1967 and 1987, he alone, and later, he and his wife Rosemary, tortured, raped and murdered at least 11 young women and girls, many at the couple’s homes. Rosemary West also murdered Fred’s stepdaughter (his first wife’s biological daughter) Charmaine, while he was serving a prison sentence for theft. The majority of the murders occurred between May 1973 and September 1979 at their home in 25 Cromwell Street, Gloucester. The house was demolished in 1996 and the space converted into a landscaped footpath connecting Cromwell Street to St. Michaels Square.
Rosemary Pauline “Rose” West (née Letts) (born on the 29th of November, 1953, in Barnstaple, Devon) is a British serial killer, now an inmate at HMP Low Newton, Brasside, Durham, after being convicted of 10 murders in 1995.
Her husband Fred, who committed suicide in prison while awaiting trial, is believed to have collaborated with her in the torture and murder of at least 10 young women, many at the couple’s home in Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England. Fred West is known to have carried out 12 murders. Rosemary West had no involvement in the first two.
Early life of Fred West
Fred West was born into a poor family of farm workers in Bickerton Cottage, Much Marcle, Herefordshire, to Walter Stephen West (5 July 1914 – 28 March 1992) and Daisy Hannah Hill (1922-6 February 1968). He was the second of their six children. West would later claim that his father had incestuous relationships with his daughters. It has been suggested that incest was an accepted part of the household, and that his father taught him bestiality from an early age. West recalled, in police interviews, that his father had said on many occasions “Do what you want, just don’t get caught doing it”. It has also been alleged that his mother Daisy began sexually abusing him from the age of 12, although this was never proven nor admitted by West.
At school, West showed an aptitude for woodwork and artwork, but did not excel academically. He left school at the age of 15 in December 1956; two years later, in November 1958, he suffered a fractured skull and a broken arm and leg in a motorbike accident. The accident put him into an eight-day coma. His family reported that after the accident he became prone to sudden fits of rage. Two years later, he was unconscious for 24 hours after hitting his head in a fall from a fire escape.
At the age of 19, he was arrested for molesting a 13-year-old girl. He was convicted, but escaped a sentence of imprisonment. His mother sent him to live with her sister Violet in Much Marcle and the rest of the family effectively disowned him thereafter
Marriage to Rena Costello
In September 1962, the 21-year-old West became re-acquainted with a former girlfriend, Catherine Costello, who was now better known as Rena from her time working as a prostitute. Costello was already pregnant by another man, and she and West married on 17 November before moving to Coatbridge, Lanarkshire. Her daughter, Charmaine Carol, was born on 22 February 1963. Costello and West claimed they had adopted Charmaine, whose father was from Pakistan. In July 1964 Costello bore West a daughter named Anne Marie. During this period in Coatbridge, West worked as an ice cream van driver. On 4 November 1965, he ran over and killed a four-year-old boy with his van.
The family, along with Isa McNeill who looked after the couple’s children and Costello’s friend Anne McFall, moved into the Lakeside caravan park in Bishop’s Cleeve, Gloucestershire at the end of 1965 when West feared for his safety following the ice cream van incident. To escape from West’s sadistic sexual demands, Costello and McNeill moved to Scotland in 1966 while McFall, who had become infatuated with West and the two children, remained. Costello continued to visit the children every few months. In August 1967 McFall, who was eight months pregnant with West’s child, vanished. McFall was never reported missing and her remains were found in June 1994.
In September 1967, Costello returned to live with West, but left again the following year, putting the children in West’s care
Early life and marriage to Fred West
Rosemary Letts was born in Barnstaple, Devon, to William Andrew and Daisy Gwendoline Letts after a difficult pregnancy. Her mother suffered from depression and was given ECT while pregnant; some have argued that this may have caused prenatal injury to her daughter. Rosemary grew up into a moody teenager and performed poorly at school.
Rosemary’s parents split up when she was a teenager. She lived with her mother before moving in with her father at the age of 16 in Bishop’s Cleeve, near Cheltenham; her father was prone to violence and repeatedly sexually abused her. At around this time, she began dating West who was living at Lake House Hotel Caravan Park, Stoke Road, Bishops Cleeve. Her father disapproved of the relationship, threatening to call social services and threatening West directly. Rosemary was caring for West’s daughter Anne-Marie (by his previous marriage to Rena Costello) and his stepdaughter, Charmaine (daughter of Rena Costello and another man).. West and Rosemary moved in together at the Lake House Hotel Caravan Park; Charmaine briefly attended Bishops Cleeve County Primary School on Tobyfield Road. However, by 1970, Rosemary found herself pregnant by West and they moved to Midland Road, Gloucester.
Rosemary West and her husband were convicted of sexual assault in January 1973. They were fined for indecent assault of Caroline Roberts (née Owen), who escaped the couple’s home after being attacked and reported them to the police. The Wests’ typical pattern was to pick up girls from bus stops in and around Gloucester and imprison them in their home for several days before killing them.
She also periodically worked as a prostitute, often while her husband watched.
One of the most frequent visitors to 25 Cromwell Street, now demolished, was her father, who had abused her from a young age. She was often pregnant and was the mother of eight children. Five of these were fathered by Fred West, while three were fathered by clients she met through prostitution.
It is reported that, even after the birth of her fourth child, Rosemary’s father would still visit her for sex, and would then rape Fred’s daughter Anne-Marie
Fred West with daughters Anne-Marie (standing) and Tara West pictured at Anne-Marie’s wedding
Marriage to Rosemary “Rose” Letts
While still married to Costello, 27-year-old West met his next wife, Rosemary Letts, on 29 November 1968, on her 15th birthday. On her 16th birthday she moved in with him and a few months later they moved from the caravan to a two-storey house in Midland Road, Gloucester. On 17 October 1970, Rosemary gave birth to their daughter, Heather Ann. Fred West was imprisoned for theft from 4 December 1970 until 24 June 1971.
Rosemary killed Charmaine (Fred’s stepdaughter from his first marriage) shortly before West’s release in June 1971. According to Anne Marie, both sisters were subject to frequent beatings, but Charmaine infuriated Rosemary by her refusal to cry no matter how severely she was beaten. Charmaine disappeared in mid June. Rosemary explained this by claiming that Costello had called and taken her back to Scotland. Costello turned up to collect Charmaine in late August, however, and she too then disappeared.
On 29 January 1972, Fred and Rosemary West married in Gloucester, and on 1 June of that year, Rosemary gave birth to their second daughter, Mae. Around this time West encouraged his wife into prostitution. Rosemary eventually had seven children, of whom three were mixed race. Needing a bigger house, the family moved to 25 Cromwell Street , now demolished, where West converted the upper floor to bedsits. “Rose’s Room”, the room Rosemary used for prostitution had peepholes so he could watch and a red light outside the door for warning the children not to enter when she was “busy”. Like West, Rosemary came from a family where incest was common; Rosemary’s father, Bill Letts, with Fred’s approval, would often visit their home to have sex with Rosemary.
In October 1972 the Wests hired 17-year-old Caroline Roberts as the children’s nanny. They had picked up the girl during the night time along a secluded country road and after she informed them that she wished to escape her stepfather; a week later she moved into 25 Cromwell Street to look after their three children at the time. Rosemary, who had begun prostitution in her bedroom at this time, explained to Roberts that she was a “masseuse” when Roberts had inquired about the men frequently visiting her. While there, according to Caroline, Fred had informed her that if ever she needed an abortion he was well equipped to do so. She became suspicious when Fred boasted that many of the women he had treated with an abortion were so overjoyed that they offer him sexual services as a reward.
She rejected Fred and Rosemary’s advances into their “sex-circle” and left a few weeks later. On 6 December 1972 the Wests picked her up again along the secluded road and apologized profusely for what had happened and invited her to their home to make amends with a “cup of tea”. Roberts had believed they had been genuinely courteous in what they said in their apology to her and obliged, believing that they had simply mistaken what the job had entailed. Back at 25 Cromwell Street, after initially making her welcome with the promised cup of tea, soon afterwards Rose started kissing her, bound her heavily with bondage tape, and both raped her. According to Roberts, Fred had remarked that “her vagina was unusual” and that he “would have to change that”. When she screamed, Rosemary smothered her with a pillow and she was bound even further around the neck. Fred threatened her that they would keep her locked up in the cellar and let Rosemary’s black male visitors “use” her and that when they had finished they would bury her under the paving stones of Gloucester. Fred boasted that they had killed hundreds of young girls and the police would never find them. Quickly realizing that they would kill her, Caroline gave into them and let them sexually do whatever they wanted to her without a fight. Fred allowed Roberts to leave the next day only after she promised she would return as their nanny. Roberts reported the rape to police but withdrew the accusation when the case came to court. The Wests pleaded guilty to a reduced charge of indecent assault and were fined £50.
In early 1973, the Wests took eight-year-old Anne Marie to the cellar, where they bound and gagged her before West raped her while Rosemary watched.
In 1979 Anne Marie became pregnant by West, but the pregnancy was terminated as it was ectopic. Unable to cope with her father any longer, she left home; West now began abusing Heather, who disappeared a few years later
Investigation, arrest and conviction
In May 1992, West filmed himself raping one of his other daughters, and twice again afterwards. She told friends at school what had happened. On 4 August one of the friends told her mother and she went to the police. On 6 August 1992, the police began an investigation, eventually leading to West being charged, with Rosemary as an accomplice, with rape. She was also charged with child cruelty and the remaining children were placed in foster care. The rape case against the Wests collapsed when the two main witnesses declined to testify at the court case on 7 June 1993.
Chilling … killers Fred and Rose West on day out
The police continued investigating the disappearance of their daughter Heather. After taking statements from social workers, and the children themselves, about a joke about “Heather being buried under the patio”, they obtained a further search warrant in February 1994, allowing them to excavate the garden in search of Heather. They started searching the house and excavating the garden on 24 February 1994.
After West’s arrest the following day, the police uncovered human bones. He confessed, retracted and then re-confessed to the murder of his daughter, denying that Rosemary was involved. Rosemary was not arrested until April 1994, initially on sex offences but later charged with murder. Further bodies were found and, on 4 March 1994, West admitted that he had carried out nine more murders, including that of his first wife. However he frequently denied killing Anne McFall. The remains of McFall and Costello were subsequently unearthed in fields near the village of Kempley.
Fred and Rosemary West were brought before a magistrates’ court in Gloucester on 30 June 1994; he was charged with 11 murders and she with 10. Immediately afterwards, Fred West was re-arrested on suspicion of murdering Anne McFall, whose body had been found on 7 June 1994. On the evening of 3 July 1994, he was charged with her murder.
On 1 January 1995, Fred West hanged himself while on remand in his cell at Winson Green Prison, Birmingham. His funeral was held in Coventry on 29 March 1995. West was cremated with only three people present.
The evidence against Rosemary was circumstantial; unlike her husband, she did not confess. She was tried in October 1995 at Winchester Crown Court, found guilty of all 10 murders and sentenced to life imprisonment. The trial judge recommended that she should never be released and 18 months later the then serving Home Secretary Jack Straw agreed with this recommendation.
Rose West … House Of Horrors killer scoffed her way to obesity in Bronzefield jail in Ashford
In October 1996, the Wests’ house in Cromwell Street, which was next to the Seventh Day Adventist Church, along with the adjoining property No. 23, was demolished and the site made into a pathway. Every brick was crushed and every timber was burned to discourage souvenir hunters.
Novelist Martin Amis was a cousin of the Wests’ victim Lucy Partington, who disappeared in 1973; he dedicated his novel The Information (published in 1995) to her
Charmaine West (born 22 February 1963): Killed in June 1971 by Rose West while Fred was in prison, the motive said to be Rose’s wish to break links with Charmaine’s mother, “Rena”.
Catherine Bernadette “Rena” West (born 14 April 1944): Killed August 1971. Rena had called to take Charmaine away with her and it is believed Fred West killed her to avoid an investigation into Charmaine’s whereabouts.
Lynda Gough (born 1 May 1953): Killed April 1973. A lodger at 25 Cromwell St, Gough and Rosemary would share lovers. Following her disappearance Gough’s mother called to visit and Rosemary, wearing Gough’s clothes, told her she had moved to find work in Weston-super-Mare.
Carol “Caz” Ann Cooper (born 10 April 1958): Killed November 1973. Cooper was living in a children’s home in Worcester when she disappeared while walking home from the cinema.
Lucy Katherine Partington (born 4 March 1952): Killed December 1973. Spent Christmas with her family in Cheltenham and visited a friend, and disappeared after leaving to catch a bus home. There is strong evidence that she had been kept alive for at least several days. A week after she disappeared, Fred went to a hospital in the early hours of 3 January 1974 to get a serious laceration stitched. A knife matching the cut was found with Partington’s body and police surmise he sustained the injury while dismembering the body. Partington, a university student, was the cousin of novelist Martin Amis and the sister of author Marian Partington, who wrote about her sister’s disappearance and the discovery of her remains in her memoir If You Sit Very Still (2012)
Therese Siegenthaler (born 27 November 1952): Killed in April 1974. A student in South London who left to hitch-hike to Ireland and disappeared.
Shirley Hubbard (born 26 June 1959): Killed November 1974. Left a work experience course in Droitwich to return home but did not arrive. When her remains were found her head was completely covered in tape with only a three-inch rubber tube inserted to allow her to breathe.
Juanita “Nita” Marion Mott (born 1 March 1957): Killed April 1975. A former lodger at 25 Cromwell St, Mott was living with a friend of her mother’s in Newent when she disappeared.
Shirley Anne Robinson (born 8 October 1959): Killed May 1978. A lodger at 25 Cromwell St, Robinson was a prostitute for the Wests. Disappeared after becoming pregnant with Fred’s child.
Alison Chambers (born 8 September 1962): Killed August 1979. Last known sexually-motivated killing.
Heather Ann West (born 17 October 1970) Killed June 1987. Heather became the focus of Fred’s attentions after Anne Marie left home. She complained to friends about the abuse, and when this got back to Fred & Rose, they decided to eliminate her as Heather now risked exposing them. Also, Heather was probably sired not by Fred, but by Rose’s abusive father, Bill Letts.Fred West claimed he had not meant to kill her but she had been sneering at him and he “had to take the smirk off her face”. Rosemary told an enquiring neighbour the following day that she and Heather had had a “hell of a row” so it is believed Rosemary may have initiated her death. The Wests told their children Heather had left for a job in Devon, but later changed the story to her having run off with a lesbian lover when she failed to contact or visit them. Later still Fred would threaten the children that they would “end up under the patio like Heather” if they misbehaved. Heather’s body was found under the patio that Fred had built over the fishpond dug by his son Stephen. Heather’s murder indirectly led to the Wests’ arrests almost seven years later.
Rena Costello West, Fred’s first wife, was killed in 1971. Her body was found in Letterbox Field near Much Marcle.
Their only known victim between 1980 and their arrest 14 years later was their daughter Heather (who died in 1987), compared to nine murders in the previous eight years committed by the pair as a couple. However, police believe the couple murdered more. There were no known murders in the years 1976–1977, 1980–1986 and 1988–1992. During questioning after being arrested, Fred West had confessed to murdering up to 30 people, but the police believed the pair may have killed only 13. As well as the 12 confirmed they believe West also killed 15-year-old Mary Bastholm in January 1968, but to date no body has been found. West’s son, Stephen, has said he firmly believed the missing Gloucester teenager was an early victim of his father, as Fred West had reportedly boasted of committing Miss Bastholme’s murder while on remand in prison during 1994.
Although no forensic evidence linked Fred West to the murder of Anne McFall, and he always denied killing her, in contrast to the other murders, the state of the body (missing finger and toe bones as was the case with the other bodies) and the dimensions of the grave site match aspects of West’s modus operandi.
Janet Leach, West’s Appropriate adult who also visited him in prison, says West told her he had been involved in at least 20 further murders, including children killed in a barn.
Berkley Mill, where Fred West claimed to have buried more victims – No bodies or remains have been found
Ruth Myers, a London graphologist, has analysed a sample of Rose West’s handwriting and made the analysis available on her web site. According to Ruth,”Rose West’s letters prove she is a twisted, sadistic killer with no conscience…Rose West lives in a world of deception and has a tough ruthless nature. She is also deeply disturbed.She appears friendly, but this is only on the surface. In reality she is cold and introspective, shown by her writing leaning to the left. She is highly secretive — one of the main characteristics in a murderer’s personality — shown by the closely dotted i’s. The o’s are also closed in a perfect ring, one of the biggest signs of someone who likes to hide things.
“Her true feelings are frozen and repressed, probably the result of childhood traumas. She is emotionally warped and has no conscience or sense of right or wrong. She is moody and prone to flashes of quick temper and irritability shown by the t bars not crossing through the stem of the letter. Her sweeping t bars with upward strokes indicate an enthusiastic, optimistic attitude at times. She is able to fire others with zeal and dominate the scene.
“However, the pointed ending of the t bars shows hostility with a desire to punish. The mixture of rounded and spiky formation of her letters, especially the hooked initial strokes on the b, a t,i and s show cruel tendencies. And some of the lower descenders of the y’s denote sexual deviation and violence. Her writing is quite large which shows a need to be noticed. It also means she has a low attention span.
“She is fairly unpredictable, immature and impressionable, shown by the fully looped h’s, k’s and l’s.”